When it comes to your face, seeing acne or spots isn’t fun. The fact that there are so many possibilities causing acne, blackheads, whiteheads, or other acne types can make it harder to treat and relieve.
Acne is triggered by reasons and different factors as the following.
- - Bacteria and impurities within the pore
- - Certain medications
- - Excess production of oil
- - Hormone disruption
- - Poor hygiene
- - Stress
- - Sun exposure
- - The build-up of dead skin
- - Unhealthy Diet
- - Wrong skincare routine
However, there is no need to be depressed. Instead, understand the root cause and work towards treating it the right way, as identifying which type of acne you’re experiencing is the key to a successful treatment. Acne may be noninflammatory or inflammatory. Subtypes of acne within these two categories include:Non-inflammatory acne consists of Blackheads or Whiteheads.
- Blackheads result from clogged skin pores caused by oil produced by the skin's sebaceous glands (sebum) and dead skin cells. The outer layer of the skin pore is open, while the rest remains clogged. This leads to the black dots that are seen on your skin’s surface. Blackheads are a mild form of acne that can cure in 6 to 8 weeks.
- Whiteheads also result from clogged skin pores caused by oil produced by the skin's sebaceous glands (sebum) and dead skin cells. But unlike Blackheads, the outer layer of the Skin pore is closed in them. It appears as a small white bump sticking out from your skin. Whiteheads are a mild form of acne that can cure in 6 to 8 weeks.
Many moisturizers, gels, toners, and creams can treat non-inflammatory acne. They often contain a mix of active and effective ingredients to help to break down whiteheads and blackheads: Benzoyl peroxide, Salicylic acid (AHA), Sulfur, or Resorcinol.
On the other hand, several home remedies and lifestyle changes can help to reduce most forms of noninflammatory acne as washing the face with lukewarm water and soap twice daily, washing the whole body every 2 days, reducing stress, eating a healthful, balanced diet, stay hydrated, avoid over-washing or irritating the skin, limit exposure to the sun, and always wear sunscreen when outdoors.
- Inflammatory Acne consists of Papules, Pustules, Nodules, and Cysts.
- Acne Papules: are inflamed blemishes that look like red bumps on your skin surface. Papules develop when a hair follicle’s wall is ruptured, making it easy for bacteria to enter the deepest layer of the skin (dermis). The rupture leads to inflammation and a red bump (pimple). Pimples are moderate forms of acne.
- Acne pustules: are pimples with a white-colored head containing pus, dead skin cells, and excess oils. When there is an injure or rupture in the skin pore, the body defense system signals to defend against bacteria. It sends white blood cells as a defense army, and this creates pus. Pustules are considered moderate forms of acne.
Several home remedies and over-the-counter medications can treat minor-to-mild papules and pustules with taking consideration of the following tips: washing the affected area with cool water and soap using clean hands or a clean, gentle facecloth twice a day, applying a warm compress or cloth to the affected area for 10–15 minutes, using products with benzoyl peroxide to combat bacteria, and using products with salicylic acid to remove dead skin cells.
- Acne Nodules: are large, inflamed acne that feels hard and painful when touching. Nodules are more buried under the skin surface; when a hair follicle’s wall is ruptured deep down the skin dermis, polluted debris and bacteria enter the dermis and contaminate neighboring follicles, leading to swelling in this part of the skin. Acne Nodules contain pus and can be painful, and since they are formed so deep inside the skin, a white head will not appear. Acne Nodules are considered severe forms of acne.
- Acne cysts: are soft, large, and filled with pus and blood beneath your skin's surface and often lead to scarring. They are formed in the same way as acne nodules but in a more severe and painful form.
We cannot treat Nodules and Cysts at home; these lesions require extra care from a doctor or dermatologist as many products and procedures made to treat nodules and cysts including antibiotics, (tetracycline, doxycycline, and amoxicillin), topical corticosteroids, oral contraceptives for hormonal-related acne, systematic retinoids (isotretinoin), steroid injections, chemical peels, photodynamic therapy to combat bacteria, drainage and extraction to remove large cysts.